Point reactor neutron kinetics equations describe the time dependent neutron density variation in a nuclear reactor core. These equations are widely applied to nuclear system numerical simulation and nuclear power plant operational control. This paper analyses the characteristics of 10 different basic or normal methods to solve the point reactor neutron kinetics equations. These methods are: explicit and implicit Euler method, explicit and implicit four order Runge-Kutta method, Taylor polynomial method, power series method, decoupling method, end point floating method, Hermite method, Gear method. Three different types of step reactivity values are introduced respectively at initial time when point reactor neutron kinetics equations are calculated using different methods, which are positive reactivity, negative reactivity and higher positive reactivity. The calculation results show that (i) minor relative error can be gain after three types of step reactivity are introduced, when explicit or implicit four order Runge-Kutta method, Taylor polynomial method, power series method, end point floating method or Hermite method is taken. These methods which are mentioned above are appropriate for solving point reactor neutron kinetics equations. (ii) the relative error of decoupling method is large, under the calculation condition of this paper. When a higher reactivity is introduced, the calculation of decoupling method cannot be convergence. (iii) after three types of step reactivity are introduced respectively, the relative error of implicit Euler method is higher than any other method except decoupling method. The third highest is Gear method. (iv) when the higher reactivity is introduced, the relative error of explicit and implicit Euler method are almost coincident, and higher than any other methods obviously. (v) 4 methods are suitable for solution on these given conditions, which are implicit Runge-Kutta method, Taylor polynomial method, power series method and end point floating method, considering both the accuracy and stiffness.

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