Neutrons and photons produced from reactor core during operation pass through the pressure vessel, reach the reactor cavity, and form the reactor cavity streaming. Reactor cavity streaming dose rates calculation during normal operation is important for the evaluation and control of the equipment dose rates in the nuclear power plant. Because reactor is great in dimension and complex in geometry, neutrons and photons fluence rates declined by several orders from reactor core to outside. Cavity streaming calculation is a deep penetration calculation with heavy computation load which is difficult to converge.
Three dimensional Discrete Ordinates and Monte Carlo (SN-MC) coupling method combines the advantage of the SN method with high efficiency and the MC method with fine geometrical modeling. The SN-MC coupling method decreases the tally errors and increases the efficiency of the MC method effectively by using MC surface source generated by the SN fluence rates. In this paper, the theoretical model of the 3D SN-MC coupling method is presented. In order to fulfill the coupling calculation, a 3D Discrete Ordinates code is modified to output angular fluence rates, a link code DO2MC is developed to calculate cummulative distribution functions of source particle variables on surface source, and a source subroutine is written for a 3D Monte Carlo code. The 3D SN-MC coupling method is applied on the calculation of the CAP1400 cavity streaming neutron and photon dose rates. Numerical results show that the 3D SN-MC coupling codes are correct, the relative errors of the results are less than 20% compared with those of the MC bootstrapping method, and the efficiency is greatly enhanced.