Ion dump is an important functional component of the Neutral Beam Injection (NBI) system of Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) for absorbing un-neutralized particles deflected by deflection magnets during neutralization, and by means of the corresponding measurement and analyzing method on it, the total energy deposition value and instantaneous energy deposition distribution of the deflected ion beam can be obtained. According to the operation mechanism of the NBI system, ion dump is directly subjected to high-energy particle bombardment for long time, the corresponding heat-loaded on its plates is high, so the temperature rise control is demanding. In order to realize the running power of 2–4MW and running pulse length of more than 100s or even 1000s in the future NBI system, the structure of the ion dump must be designed in accordance with the quasi-steady state operation requirements to provide the guarantee for the steady state operation of EAST system. The Hypervapotron structure based on the subcooled boiling principle is used as an alternative structure to enhance the heat transfer of this high-heat-flux component. According to the operating requirements, space requirements, measurement requirements and beam power distribution characteristics, the engineering design and implementation of ion dump based on the enhanced heat transfer structure is realized for the future long pulse quasi-steady NBI system. The computational results of the heat-fluid-solid coupling simulation based on the two-phase heat transfer are also confirmed the feasibility of the proposed ion dump structure under quasi-steady-state operating conditions. This study is of great significance to explore the optimal heat transfer structure for quasi-steady ion dump to realize the high current, quasi-steady state and high power operation of EAST-NBI system.

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