Many empirical formulae have been proposed for evaluating the local damage to reinforced concrete structures caused by rigid projectile impact. Most of these formulae are based on impact tests perpendicular to the target structures. To date, few impact tests oblique to the target structures have been conducted. In this study, we aim to obtain a new formula for evaluating the local damage caused by oblique impacts based on previous experimental and simulation results. We analyze and simulate the local damage owing to impact by deformable projectiles. The experimental and simulation results were in good agreement and confirmed the validity of the proposed analytical method. Furthermore, the internal energy of the deformable projectile absorbed upon impact was approximately 60% of the total energy. In comparison to a rigid projectile, it is possible to reduce the impact load and consequently the damage to the target.

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