The realistic study of dynamic accident context is an invaluable tool to address the uncertainties and their impact on safety assessment and management. The capacities of the Performance Evaluation of Teamwork procedure for dynamic context quantification and determination of alternatives, coordination and monitoring of human performance and decision-making are discussed in this paper. The procedure is based on a thorough description of symptoms during the accident scenario progressions (timelines) with the use of thermo-hydraulic model and severe accident codes (MELCOR and MAAP). The opportunities of PET procedure for context quantification are exemplified for the long-term station blackout (LT SBO) accident scenario at Fukushima Daiichi #1 and an hypothetic unmitigated LT SBO at Peach Bottom #1 Boiling Water Reactor Nuclear Power Plants. The context quantification of these LT SBO scenarios is based on the IAEA Fukushima Daiichi accident report, “State-of-the-Art Reactor Consequence Analysis” and thermo-hydraulic calculations made by using MAAP code at the EC Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy and Transport, Nuclear Reactor Safety Assessment Unit.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Severe Accident Context Evaluation for BWR NPPS Based on Long-Term Station Blackout
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Petkov, GI, & Vela-Garcia, M. "Severe Accident Context Evaluation for BWR NPPS Based on Long-Term Station Blackout." Proceedings of the 2016 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 4: Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Coupled Codes; Decontamination and Decommissioning, Radiation Protection, Shielding, and Waste Management; Workforce Development, Nuclear Education and Public Acceptance; Mitigation Strategies for Beyond Design Basis Events; Risk Management. Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. June 26–30, 2016. V004T13A020. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE24-60923
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