An experimental research on performance characteristics of passive residual heat removal system (PRHRS) for the small modular reactor designed by Nuclear Power Institute of China (NPIC) under the station blackout accident was performed in the CREAS facility, which consists of the primary system, the secondary system, the passive safety injection system, the passive residual heat removal system, the overpressure protection system and the auxiliary system. The experimental results show that, after the station blackout accident, a stable two-phase natural circulation between the steam generators and the heat exchanger in the PRHRS was established with a mass flow of 0.4T/h, thus the heat from the primary system was removed to the water in the containment water tank (CWT). During this period, the core decay residual heat and the sensible heat were removed from the primary system by the PRHRS effectively. The cold water from the core makeup tanks was injected into the reactor pressure vessel for core cooling. The peaked primary pressure was 16.3MPa and less than relief valve opening pressure 16.9MPa. In addition, the average coolant temperature of the reactor core reduced below 483 K, and the reactor operated safely.

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