In-Vessel Retention is a key severe accident management strategy for reactors such as AP/CAP series reactors. The IVR success evaluation criterion is whether the RPV is melted through or not at the final RPV state. Once the RPV lower head melt through, the liquid corium will flow into the reactor cavity and will lead to complex phenomena, such us steam explosion and the reaction between the corium and concrete. These will make temperature and pressure of the containment vessel rise quickly and is a threat to the integrity of the containment vessel. When the wall surface of RPV lower head heating condition exceed the critical heat flux, the temperature rises rapidly, it is generally assumed that the RPV lower head in this state will inevitably melt through. This is the so-called IVR failure.

In order to study the possible failure modes and mechanism of RPV lower head under the IVR measures, an experimental facility called TRECT is built. By measuring the parameters such as temperature, flow of the test section to study the influence to CHF by the parameters such as flow velocity and angle. All of these can provide reliable basis to the effectiveness appraisal and model development on the area of severe accident mitigation measures (IVR). To be specific, the test section is rectangular channel whose section is 50 × 20 mm. The upper surface is the heat surface and using a direct current heating mode to supply heat power. The heat flux can reach 1.5MW/m2. We use this upper surface heated rectangular channel to simulate RPV ERVC channel. By adjust the angle of test section to simulate the different circum ferential location of RPV lower head. And the Adjusting range can be 0° to 90°. The experimental results show that flow rate was reduced by 11% in the experiments, the critical heat flux density increased by 4.5%. Inclined angle increased from 16° to 29°, CHF increased by 7.9%.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.