The special fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics of supercritical CO2 in a vertical annular channel have been numerically investigated. The AKN k-ε model was selected to model the turbulent flow and heat transfer of supercritical fluid. The three heating types were individual outer-wall heating, simultaneous outer/inner walls heating and outer-wall heating (inner-wall cooling) separately. The local heat transfer coefficients were obtained to investigate the influence of inner-wall thermal boundary conditions, supercritical fluid mass flux, fluid temperature and flow direction on outer-wall heat transfer phenomenon. The mechanisms of abnormal heat transfer and primary influence factors were analyzed by the detailed information on the flow, turbulence and thermal fields. When the supercritical fluid is in the large-property-variation (LPV) region and flows upward, the inner-wall thermal boundary condition obviously affects the heat transfer characteristics of outer wall. When supercritical fluid flows downward, the inner-wall boundary condition hardly affects the heat transfer phenomena of outer wall. The increase of inner-wall heating heat flux will result in the larger deterioration region and heat transfer decline on outer wall when the other conditions remain unchanged. When the heat transfer deterioration also appears on the inner wall with the increase in the inner-wall heat flux, the outer-wall heat transfer no longer decreases, but the deterioration region abruptly increases. However, as inner-wall cooling heat flux increases, the heat transfer deterioration phenomenon on outer wall will weaken gradually.

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