Pool scrubbing is one of the effective mechanisms to filter out radioactive aerosols in a severe accident of a nuclear reactor. A lot of work has been done on the pool scrubbing models and experiments. However, large discrepancies still exist between the simulation and experimental results. To improve the pool scrubbing model, an accurate decontamination factor (DF) evaluation by an aerosol measurement and a detailed two-phase flow structure measurement is inevitable. A pool scrubbing experimental apparatus was constructed by the thermohydraulic safety research group in Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The test section is a transparent pipe with the inner diameter of 0.2 m and the length of about 4.5 m. The aerosol laden air flow was injected upwardly into the pool water. The aerosol particle diameter distribution was measured by a light scattering aerosol spectrometer. White polydisperse BaSO4 particles were used as the aerosol test particles. In the first step, we focused on investigating and reducing the error of DF experimentally. Several problems resulting in the error and their solutions for the error reduction were summarized in this paper. Based on the error reduction methods, the DFs of pool scrubbing were measured in two water submergences. The results showed that the DFs for the aerosol with small diameter were independent of the injecting air velocity in the submergence of 0.3 m. In addition, it was found that the DFs increased with increasing the air flow rate in the submergence of 2.9 m. It was presumed that the increase of DF was dominated by the increase of bubble surface area and/or turbulence intensity with the air flow rate increase, while the effect of the reduced bubble traveling time in the water, which may reduce the DF, was smaller than the increasing effect.

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