In the framework of the EC FP7 LEADER project, an experimental campaign was performed in the LIFUS5/Mod2 facility, at ENEA CR Brasimone, for investigating the postulated Steam Generator Tube Rupture (SGTR) event in a relevant configuration for the spiral tube Steam Generator (SG) of the European Lead Fast Reactor (ELFR). Two tests are analysed.
The LIFUS5/Mod2 facility implemented a test section composed by 188 tubes, vertically disposed with triangular pitch, in a shell closed by top and bottom flanges and having a perforated cylindrical wall. The central tube injected water at about 180 bar and 270°C, at middle height of the tube bundle, in the reaction tank partially filled by Lead-Bismuth Eutectic alloy (LBE) at 400°C with an argon cover gas at about 2 bar. It was connected to a 2 m3 dump tank, due to the high injection pressure.
In the reaction tank fast instrumentation was set: 6 fast Pressure Transducers (PTs) acquiring data at 10 kHz for precisely characterize the first injection peaks; 70 low constant time Thermocouples (TCs) to understand the vapour evolution path; and 13 strain gages (SGGs) to measure the strain of the bundle and main vessel.
The first test analysed showed a first pressure peak of about 25 bar, due to pressure wave propagation at the cap rupture instant. It did not appear in the second test as consequence of a leakage from the cap before the complete rupture. The following pressurization caused by the entering of water into the reaction vessel was of an analogues magnitude for both the tests (about 30 bar). The water/LBE interaction lower temperature was reached on the inner ranks of tubes, about 160°C. The outer rank was cooled down to 340°C. The strain gage measurements showed a decreasing deformation on the tubes toward the outer positions. No ruptures were observed on tubes surrounding the injector. The amount of LBE transported into the dump tank was strongly dependent on the LBE level in the reaction tank at the start of the tests.