In 2004, a decision was made to perform a modernization and a new power uprate of unit 2 at Oskarshamn nuclear power plant in Sweden. Among the most important reasons for this decision were new safety regulations from Swedish Radiation Safety Authority and ageing of important components. A project was established and became the largest nuclear power modernization in the world.
The modernization led to the need of analysing the auxiliary power system to ensure that it could supply the unit after the uprate, given tolerances on current, voltage and frequency. During the process of developing models for the diesel generator sets, it turned out that the suppliers could not deliver enough satisfactory material for modelling the diesel engines, the speed controllers and the magnetization systems. Therefore, Oskarshamn nuclear power plant with the help of the manufacturers of the diesel generator sets carried out additional measurements in order to collect data for modelling.
Based on electric circuit diagrams provided by the manufacturers, block diagrams of the magnetization systems were made. For the speed controllers, no information was available at all so it was assumed that the controller was of PI-type. The parameters of the magnetization systems and the speed controllers were then tuned using the measurement results.
Finally, a comparison between simulated results and the measurement results were made, showing good agreement. This is especially true in the most commonly used operating interval of the diesel generator sets.