The nuclear power site resource is very rich in Jiaodong Peninsula of Shandong Province. It is suitable for construction of the large nuclear power base. The transmission scope and direction of Jiaodong Peninsula nuclear power base is analyzed, and optional transmission plans of Plant 1, Plant 2, Plant 3 and Plant 4 are proposed. The transmission plans are recommended based on technical and economic comparison, which provide good references for construction of the large-scale nuclear power base and power grid development planning.
Jiaodong Peninsula nuclear power base is planned to be built in the year of 2016–2030, planning capacity of which is 30500MW. The site of nuclear power base is 100∼400km away from the power load center. The nuclear power will use AC transmission and mainly meet the demand of local power load. The early 15500MW gensets will be accessed to the power grid at 500kV, as the following 15000MW gensets will be accessed at 1000kV UHV (Ultra-high voltage) grid. As the accessing of many large-capacity gensets will produce huge impact to the short-circuit current, sectionalized double-bus configuration is recommended in the 500kV main electrical wiring to reduce the short-circuit current of 500kV bus of nuclear power plant. Double bus section cross wire connection is presented to make sure that every two generators on each bus will be connected to different substations on two transmission lines which are set up on different poles and in different paths, to improve the reliability of the power plant. Through analysis and provement, the construction of large nuclear power base must be based on large and stronge power grid, especially the UHV (Ultra-high voltage) AC grid, to meet the demand of huge nuclear power transmission, and to improve the ability of power exchange and ensure the safety of regional power supply.
Also, as the nuclear power plant should better be in base-load operation, the construction of large-scale nuclear power base, would make the system load-control demands increase, which leads to more prominent problems. In order to avoid adding additional depth of peaking power operation and reducing the overall economic operation of power system, power grid should have the necessary means to load-control. Namely the construction of peaking units, such as pumped storage units or gas-fired units at about 5000MW.
By analyzing and demonstration, large-scale nuclear power base must rely on large-scale power grid, particularly the support of UHV power grid in order to meet the demond of large-scale power transmission and electricity exchange, and also to ensure regional security of electricity supply.