Plenum temperature is an important parameter in the calculation of LWR fuel rod internal pressure, since plenum contributes over 40% of free volume in typical LWR fuel design. In many fuel performance codes the plenum temperature are determined in a simple and empirical method. There is a concern about whether such a simple method can properly reflect the temperature variation during fast transients and accident conditions. Therefore, a detailed simulation of heat transfer process in plenum based on COMSOL Multiphysics software was performed to give a fine resolution of temperature and to investigate the heat transfer mechanisms. Since the COMSOL application is a stand-alone model, a new plenum temperature model which can be coupled with fuel performance code was also developed. Finally the validation of the new plenum temperature model is performed by comparing its results with COMSOL model and FUPAC code.

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