The two-phase natural circulation cooling performance of the APR1400 core catcher system is studied utilizing a drift flux flow model developed via scaling analysis and with an air-water experimental facility. Scaling analysis was carried out to identify key parameters, so that model facility could simulates two-phase natural circulation. In the experimental apparatus, instead of steam, air is injected into the top wall of the test channel to simulate bubble formation and void distribution due to boiling water in the core catcher channel. Measurement of void fraction critical to the heat transfer between the wall and coolant is carried out at certain key position using double-sensor conductivity probes. Results from the model provide expected natural circulation flow rate in the cooling channel of the core catcher system. The observed flow regimes and the data on void fraction are presented. For a given design of the down comer piping entrance condition bubble entrainment was observed that significantly reduced the natural circulation flow rate.

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