With “theory of nuclear safety (TONS)”, this paper intends to explain the Core Damage (CD) scenario of a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) with the systematic methodology, many notions introduced here can be extended to other types of nuclear installations, as well. This systematic methodology combines the Risk-Informed Safety Margin Characterization (RISMC) Metatheory of TONS, and the basic reliability theory. A “metatheory” of such theories, here, is a theory to analyze the Theory of Nuclear Safety (TONS); in its own theory system, it is designed to summarize the safety of a NPP. Meanwhile, the basic reliability theory, which is decided by the authors, is focus on the mission reliability model (a model can be established by Reliability Block Diagram (RBD)); then the related basic concepts, is simple and clear, and quite mature in NPP field.

The present work outlines the traditional reliability theory and the RISMC-based Metatheory, and these two concepts here are taken as the appropriate TONS to analyze the CD Scenario, after that, a renovate or renew TONS, from these two sides, can be introduced to analyze the fundamental safety of NPP.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.