The inherent system safety of the 100 MW integral pressurized water reactor (IPWR) can be improved by placing the core, the efficient once-through steam generators and the main coolant pumps in the reactor pressure vessel, and omitting some large pipes and valves in the primary coolant system which can prevent the occurrence of large break loss of coolant accident and reduce the possibility of core melt accident. The application of the passive safety systems simplifies the structures of IPWR and improves the economy of the reactor. In case of accidents, the primary coolant system establishes natural circulation to take the core decay heat away by passive safety systems using gravity and other natural driving forces, thereby enhancing the safety and reliability of the system IPWR. It’s of great significance to establish reasonable and correctable models, including the primary coolant system model, the second loop model and passive core cooling system model, to study thermal-hydraulic phenomena under steady state, transient state and accident conditions.
Based on transient safety analysis program RELAP5/MOD3.4, 100 MW IPWR system was simulated. A series of models of reactor coolant system and passive safety systems were established. The main system models are composed of primary coolant system model, part of second loop model, passive safety injection system model and passive residual heat removal system model. The primary coolant system model includes core, lower plenum, downcomer, region of steam generators, upper plenum, riser, pressurizer, and surge line; the second loop model includes the main feed water line, the steam line, and steam generator tubes; passive safety injection system model includes core makeup tank, accumulator, automatic depressurization system, direct vessel injection line; and passive residual heat removal system model includes passive residual heat removal heat exchanger in containment refueling water storage tank. Based on the established models, the steady state was debugged with the RELAP5 input card.
Steady state calculation was performed and the results agree well with designed values, which verifies the validity of the model and the input card. Using the steady state results as initial conditions, transient calculation was performed. Typical accidents (loss of main water accident) were calculated, which were relieved by auxiliary feedwater system (AFWS) and passive residual heat removal system (PRHR SYSTEM). The results, obtained from AFWS and PRHR SYSTEM, were contrasted and process of accident and thermal-hydraulic phenomena were analyzed according to transient calculation results. The transient calculation results showed that the integral PWR system and the passive safety system model can provide a reference for IPWR transient safety analysis.