Annular fuels are being studied to increase the power of advanced third-generation reactors by 50%. This paper aimed to analyze transient scenarios through a hybrid lumped parameter-finite difference model in a pressurized water reactor with annular fuel. The model used in this work is more detailed than the double lumped parameter one, but still simple enough to model some transients in PWR fuels, as rod ejection accident and cold water insertion accident. The heat transfer equations are solved by the numerical semi-implicit Crank-Nicolson method together with point kinetics equations with six groups of delayed neutrons and a lumped parameter model for the reactor coolant.
The model takes into account in an approximate way the hot spot by using a composed peaking factor equal to 2.5. The reactivity feedback is taken into account by considering the Doppler effect of fuel temperature, and also moderator temperature variation. The results were compared with solid fuel performance and showed that the annular fuel reached considerable lower fuel temperature profiles even for 150% power, as compared to 100% power for solid fuel, thus showing that this kind of fuel has a better safety performance for the transients analyzed. The rod ejection accident showed that feedback effects can lead the reactor to a new safe steady state condition.