In spite of most previous studies since 1970, the theory of pulsating pipe flows supported by experimental investigations has not yet completed in comparison with the well-defined theory of steady pipe flows. Therefore, it seems that there is much to be done about experimental research in this field. In order to determine the resistance characteristics of two-phase flow under pulsatile conditions, an experimental investigation on two-phase flow with periodically fluctuating flow rates in a narrow rectangular channel is carried out. A frequency inverter is used to obtain experimental conditions with different fluctuating frequencies, amplitudes and mean values of water mass flow rate. After obtaining experimental results, comparisons between experimental frictional pressure drop values and theoretical calculations have been done. Two-phase flow on pulsating conditions is far more complicated than that on steady conditions because pulsating flow is composed of two parts: a steady component and a superimposed periodical time varying component called oscillation. In this paper, the influence of different fluctuating frequencies, amplitudes and mean values of liquid and gas mass flow rate on two-phase flow pressure drop characteristics is also discussed.
The results show that the total pressure drop and water mass flow rate change with the same fluctuating period except for a phase difference. The phase lag also changes with the fluctuating frequencies and amplitude. The accelerating pressure drop changes dramatically in a fluctuating period, especially at the end of acceleration. Also, the time when the acceleration pressure drop has its maximum value lags the time when the acceleration reaches its peak, mainly because of the inertial of the fluid.