In this paper, experimental flow and heat transfer data of supercritical pressure HCFC22 flowing in a uniformly heated smooth tube with inner diameter of 1.004 mm at p/pc=1.1 obtained by the authors are analyzed accounting for the influence of the thermophysical properties variation, the buoyancy effect, as well as the flow acceleration effect due to thermal expansion. These analyses indicate that both of the sharp thermophysical properties variation in the fluid adjacent to the wall with low density, low specific heat and low thermal conductivity and the flow acceleration effect due to thermal expansion have significant negative effects on the heat transfer under the present study conditions for HCFC22, while for the friction factor, the thermophysical properties variation is the predominant factor. The buoyancy effect on the flow and heat transfer is negligible.
A new semi-empirical local heat transfer correlation accounting for the thermophysical properties variation and the flow acceleration effect due to thermal expansion for supercritical pressure fluids flowing through a vertical small tube during heating is proposed. The predicted values agree with 95% of the measured data within ±25%. In addition, a flow correlation with thermophysical properties variation correction terms to predict the friction factors for supercritical pressure fluids is proposed which predicts the measured friction factors within ±25%.