The 10MW High Temperature Gas Cooled Test Reactor (HTR-10) has been built in Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology (INET) and has been operating successfully since the beginning of 2003. The core outlet temperature of HTR-10 is 700°C. To verify the technology of gas-turbine direct cycle, at first INET had a plan to increase its core outlet temperature to 750°C and to use a helium gas turbine instead of the steam generator (then the reactor is called HTR-10GT). Though HTR-10 has good intrinsic safety, the design basis accidents and beyond design basis accidents of HTR10-GT must be analyzed according to China’s nuclear regulations due to changed operation parameters. THERMIX code system is used to study the ATWS accident of one control rod withdrawal out of the core by a mistake under the loss of the system pressure. After a control rod in the side reflector was withdrawn out at a speed of 1 cm/s by a mistake, a positive reactivity was inserted. At the same time, the system pressure was supposed to lose by some reason. Thus the reactor power increased and the temperature of the core increased. And the protection system warns with two scram signal: too high of the negative varying rate of the system pressure and too high of the reactor power, which should induce the reactor to scram. It was supposed that all the control rods in the reflectors had been blocked and the reactor could not scram. Thus the accident went on and the core temperature and the system pressure continued to increase but the reactor shutdown at last because of its natural negative temperature reactivity feedback mechanism. The residual heat would be removed out of the core by the cavity cooling system. During the accident sequence the maximum fuel temperature was 1203.4°C. It was a little bit lower than 1230°C — the fuel temperature limitation of HTR-10 and there is no release of any radioactivity. So the HTR-10GT is safe during the ATWS of one control rod withdrawal out of the core. The paper also compares the analysis result of HTR10-GT to those of HTR-10. The results shows that the HTR-10GT is still safe during the accident though its operating temperature is higher than HTR-10.

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