Angra-1 Nuclear Power Station (Westinghouse PWR-600 MW, 2 loops) started commercial operation in 1985, being property of Eletronuclear, subsidiary of Eletrobras in Brazil. Angra-1 has been preparing the necessary measures to renew the operating license and to apply for a lifetime extension up to 60 years.

Among the many activities to perform, there are some related to fulfilling the requirements of the Brazilian regulator, the CNEN. These include requirements related to Human Factors Engineering (HFE) that included the preparation of a Chapter 18 of HFE, to become part of the plant’s Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR).

In the framework of the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC), created and funded by the European Union (EU) to enhance nuclear safety world-wide, cooperation activities between the EU and the Government of Brazil were set up in 2009. One of the INSC projects funded was to support the Brazilian nuclear operator of Angra-1 in the field of HFE. In 2010, the implementation of the project was awarded to a consortium lead by Tecnatom for performing a HFE Safety Evaluation to the plant and to provide support for preparing this Chapter 18.

For this Project a specific methodology was developed for the execution of the Safety Evaluation. The methodology has been developed for evaluating — from the HFE viewpoint — a plant in operation, from the beginning of commercial operation until nowadays, including the design modifications performed to date. The obtained results have been used for developing the aforementioned Chapter 18.

The main results of the Project Execution have been:

1. The developed methodology has made it possible to perform a comprehensive HFE evaluation of Angra-1, including the analysis of Post-TMI requirements, the design included in the current FSAR, the existing Angra-1 procedures and the verification of the current Main Control Room.

2. Technical support has been provided to Angra-1 for the preparation of Chapter 18 of the FSAR, following the structure of NUREG-0711, and using the results of the HFE Safety Evaluation.

3. An Action Plan has been developed for identifying and addressing in the future all those deficiencies found during the HFE Safety Evaluation, as well as those activities that are the consequence of the new FSAR Chapter 18.

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