The behavior of the spent fuel pool and the fission product release and transport for the CPR1000 reactor under severe accident conditions was analyzed using the integral severe accident code MELCOR. In the investigated accident scenario a total failure of the pump of the spent fuel cooling system was assumed. Furthermore, it is assumed that accident management fails to bring water into the spent fuel pool using mobile pumps or due to the non-recovery of the cooling pump. The grace time available for measures in order to avoid significant fission product release to the environment is determined. The calculated hydrogen mass flow rate due to clad oxidation and the steam flow rate from the spent fuel pool to the compartment above the spent fuel pool serve as boundary conditions for the three dimensional fluid dynamics code GASFLOW to assess possible hydrogen combustion or detonation in the compartment. Using this spent fuel pool MELCOR model the dose submerged in air or water can be determined.
The calculated gamma dose rate in a specific compartment can be used for equipment qualification and compartment accessibility assessment. It was found that after four days the fuel assemblies are significantly heated-up and ten hours later the fission products are released as well as a significant amount of hydrogen is produced. A preliminary GASFLOW analysis shows by assuming an air atmosphere in the fuel building, that the risk of a hydrogen combustion or detonation is high. In late state of the accident a convection flow of pure hydrogen is established in spent fuel pool region. It was shown, that the flow conditions strongly influence the fission product transport behavior and consequently the dose rates in the compartment above the spent fuel pool.