In liquid-metal-cooled fast reactors, the temperature rise and its gradients over the core region, sometimes with an addition of the accumulated irradiation creep and swelling, result in a radial core expansion and the bowing of subassemblies, both of which lead to the radial displacements of fuel and reflector materials.

In spite of the small magnitude of such displacements, the reactivity change due to radial core expansion and bowing of subassemblies during a transient, such as unprotected loss-of-flow (ULOF), is significant in magnitude and plays one of the most important roles among all inherent safety features; the focus is on the change of the power-to-flow ratio (P/F) from 1.0 to 2.0, during which a large temperature gradient is induced.

A 3-D code, named PERMOV, is developed for the calculation of such reactivity feedback, at present as a part of the Neutronics Analysis System (NAS); NAS is a 3-D nodal code, independently developed by researchers in China Experimental Fast Reactor; and at the same time, the code PERMOV has a high portability, making it available to run with other mature core physics codes.

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