We conducted a systematic study on neutronic characteristics of Tc-99 transmutation in pressurized water reactor (PWR) in this paper. We divided the core into three zones. The U-235 enrichment is 1.8%, 2.4% and 3.1% respectively. The loading patterns of Tc-99 include homogeneous loading and heterogeneous loading. In the homogeneous pattern, the mass fraction of Tc-99 raises from 0 to 2% stepped by 0.25%. The calculation result shows that the keff of the core decreases significantly when the Tc-99 mass fraction reaches 2%. In the practical situation, the Tc-99 mass should not exceed 2% in a homogeneous pattern. We choose the Tc-99 coating of fuel pellet as the transmutation rod form in the heterogeneous pattern, which can reduce the self-shielding effects. There are 44 transmutation rods per assembly, replacing part of fuel rods directly. We evaluate the effect of the arrangement of transmutation rods on the characteristic values such as keff and neutron spectrum of the core. In both homogeneous and heterogeneous patterns, the assembly flux near the outer edge of the core has an increasing trend. Our further study shows that much more epithermal neutrons and fast neutrons enter the reflecting layer and bounce back to the core again after moderation and reflection.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
The Neutronic Transmutation Characteristics of Tc-99 in PWR
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Huang, L, Liu, B, Hu, W, & Tu, J. "The Neutronic Transmutation Characteristics of Tc-99 in PWR." Proceedings of the 2013 21st International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 5: Fuel Cycle, Radioactive Waste Management and Decommissioning; Reactor Physics and Transport Theory; Nuclear Education, Public Acceptance and Related Issues; Instrumentation and Controls; Fusion Engineering. Chengdu, China. July 29–August 2, 2013. V005T08A004. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE21-15301
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