Thermal stratification phenomena are observed in piping systems of pressurized water reactors, especially in the pressurizer surge line. As a result of the thermal stratification induced thermal stresses, fatigue problems can occur in the pipework. US NRC requirements have also identified flow stratification in surge lines as a phenomenon that must be considered in the design basis of surge lines. In this paper, a new method to reduce thermal stratification is proposed. As we all know, heat pipe is a simple device with no moving parts and can transfer large quantities of heat over fairly large distance. The new method is that using heat pipes to weaken the thermal stratification. In order to validate the new method, a simple experiment and theoretical analysis was taken. The results show that, the temperature difference of thermal stratification with heat pipes is smaller than the stratification without heat pipes. A design scheme was also given at the end of paper.
A New Method to Weaken Thermal Stratification Phenomena in Pipes of Nuclear Power Plant
Wang, S, Pang, Y, Li, X, Fu, D, Li, Y, & Yin, J. "A New Method to Weaken Thermal Stratification Phenomena in Pipes of Nuclear Power Plant." Proceedings of the 2013 21st International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 4: Thermal Hydraulics. Chengdu, China. July 29–August 2, 2013. V004T09A019. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE21-15199
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