In order to improve the safety of new generation nuclear power plant, passive containment cooling system is innovatively used in AP1000 reactor design. However, since the system operation is based on natural circulation, physical process failure — natural circulation cannot establish or be maintained — becomes one of the important failure modes. Uncertainties in the physical parameters such as heat and cold source temperature and in the structure parameters have important effect on the system reliability. In this paper, thermal–hydraulic model is established for passive containment cooling system in AP1000 and the thermal–hydraulic performance is studied, the effect of factors such as air temperature and reactor power on the system reliability are analyzed.

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