In the third generation PWR, passive containment cooling system was one of the key security parts. If accident happened, the blasting valves in the containment would automatically open and the steam would be injected into the containment. When the pressure reached a certain value, the tank on the top of containment would automatically spray. Driven by gravity, the cooling water would flow along outer surface of containment. Steam inside the containment would condense on inner wall and the pressure in the containment would decrease.

A numerical simulation of steam jet in the passive containment cooling system was carried out using computational fluid dynamics methods. Flow mechanism in the process was studied. A simplified three-dimensional model of the passive containment cooling system was built. The hexahedral structured mesh was made. The RNG k-epsilon turbulence model was used in solving the transient Reynolds Navier-Stokes equations by the Fluent. The distributions of velocity in containment at different time were acquired. Reference would be provided for understanding of flow mechanism of gas jet-flow in containment during the early stage of accident.

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