The paper mainly elaborates the negative pressure control technology and commissioning approaches for double-wall containment of Russian WWER-1000 nuclear power units. It also carries out an analysis and research on the layered negative pressure technology in the containment. It mainly includes the following three parts:
A Russian WWER-1000 nuclear power unit adopts the structure of double-wall containment for its Reactor building, with independent negative pressure systems for the containment and the annular space between the two walls. The paper mainly elaborates the control methods and limits requirements for the negative pressure in the containment and the annular space under the normal operation condition and in case of design basis accidents, with analysis and argumentation on the design function and operation requirements of the negative pressure system for the containment and the annular space.
In the paper, the design philosophy of layered negative pressure and its feasibility study are analyzed from the aspects of radiated partition, air distribution of the negative pressure system and containment separator for layered negative pressure.
The commissioning methods and technical requirements of negative pressure system in the Reactor building are described in the paper. Problems encountered during commissioning are also addressed and analyzed.
Operations practices prove that the negative pressure control technology for double-wall containment of WWER-1000 nuclear power unit is advanced and reliable, which meets the requirements on nuclear air decontamination emission and radiation protection, and is worthy of study, research and reference.