Recent advances in horizontal cask designs for commercial spent nuclear fuel have significantly increased maximum thermal loading. This is due in part to greater efficiency in internal conduction pathways. Carefully measured data sets generated from testing of full-sized casks or smaller cask analogs are widely recognized as vital for validating thermal-hydraulic models of these storage cask designs. While several testing programs have been previously conducted, these earlier validation studies did not integrate all the physics or components important in a modern, horizontal dry cask system.
The purpose of this investigation is to produce data sets that can be used to benchmark the codes and best practices presently used to calculate cladding temperatures and induced cooling air flows in modern, horizontal dry storage systems. The horizontal dry cask simulator (HDCS) has been designed to generate this benchmark data and complement the existing knowledge base.
Transverse and axial temperature profiles along with induced-cooling air flow are measured using various backfills of gases for a wide range of decay powers and canister pressures. The data from the HDCS tests will be used to host a blind model validation effort.