The dependence of pool scrubbing performance on particle number density is studied through numerical simulation of experimental results. The DF values obtained from the authors’ experiments (Sun et al., Sci. Technol. Nucl. Inst., Article ID 1743982, 2019) indicate a sharp decrease with an increase in the inlet particle number density beyond 1011/m3. The mechanisms underlying such dependence is yet to be studied.
In this paper, a simple model is developed to study the factors affecting the experimentally observed dependence of DF. The test results suggest that the condensational growth of particles plays an essential role in the inertial capture. The vapor condensation on the particles has an effect to deplete the vapor supersaturation in the bubble by both lowering the vapor concentration and raising the temperature. This effect will become important at high particle number densities.
The bubble mass and energy balance is calculated to derive the particle growth and the inertial DF as a function of the bubble rise distance through the pool water. The balance is assumed to be quasi-steady, and the vapor concentration and the temperature to be uniform in the bubble. It is shown that the model reproduces the tendency observed in the experimental DF. The model predicts that the degree of supersaturation is affected when particle concentration exceeds 1011/m3, curbing the condensational growth of particles, and thereby retarding the inertial capture.