In the management of severe accident of nuclear reactor, the pressure relief of reactor coolant system (RCS) is an important mitigation measure to prevent high pressure core melt (HPCM). In the safety system improvement of Tianwan56 nuclear power plant, the optimization measure of adding the dedicated pressure relief valve (DPRV) for severe accident were adopted. This improvement allows the reactor to release the pressure of RCS before the reactor vessel being damaged to mitigate the consequence of reactor melt accident under high-pressure condition. Based on the analysis of severe accident sequences, the total loss of feed water accident is confirmed to cover the various severe accident consequences which may lead to HPCM accident. This paper studied the transient characteristics of total loss of feed water accident sequences, and the factors such as valve opening delay on the operating temperature of the valve were researched. Finally, the representative and envelope operating condition of DPRV under severe accident was clarified. Besides, the temperature curve of fluid passing through the valve and the maximum temperature the valve experienced were obtained. This research provides the valuable and indispensable basis to the operability and integrity analysis of DPRV in severe accident.