Essential Service Water System (WES) is part of the nuclear power plant cooling system which provides the final heat sink for nuclear power plants. Therefore, WES must operate stably, safely and reliably for a long time. The total loss of WES accident is a design extended condition and will result in the loss of the final heat sink of the unit. The consequences of the accident are severe. In order to deal with the accident quickly and effectively and ensure the safety and economics of the power plant in accident condition, it’s necessary to formulate corresponding treatment strategy to deal with the transient.
This paper developed a strategy for dealing with the total loss of WES with Residual Heat Removal System (RHR) not connected condition in Generation III nuclear power plant. The structure of the WES system and the types of failures that may occur are analyzed, and thus the symptoms of the faults are obtained and the entry conditions for the operating strategy are determined. The effect of faults on unit equipment and safety functions and the impact on nuclear steam supply system (NSSS) control are analyzed in this paper. Combined with the unit design, the system and equipment for controlling and mitigating related safety functions are analyzed, and the mitigation method and the fallback strategy of the fault are determined. Thereby a complete operating strategy of total loss of WES with RHR not connected is obtained. In addition, this paper analyzes and evaluates the operating strategy by simulating thermal hydraulic calculation for the first time. The results show that without staff intervention Component Cooling System (WCC) temperature reached 55°C limits after running a few minutes. Based on the intervention of the operating strategy proposed in this paper, WCC temperature reached the 55°C limits when the unit was operated at about 4 hours and 55 minutes. The result shows that and the strategy can effectively alleviate the failure and provide sufficient intervention time for the operator to bring the unit to a safe state.