A large number of radioactive contaminated metals will be produced during the operation and decommissioning of nuclear facilities. Laser ablation is a clean and efficient surface decontamination method for radioactive metals. This study presents experiments to select laser decontamination parameters including laser power, laser pulse width, laser scanning speed and laser focal shift, as well as the construction of a laser decontamination prototype based on a fiber laser system of high power density, which can automatically ablate the radioactive deposit layer, oxide layer and shallow surface layer of metals to get an excellent decontamination result. Depending on this equipment, some engineering application tests were conducted in a nuclear power factory to verify the technology research result and equipment. Decontamination results which evaluate by decontamination factor show that the laser decontamination technology has a good result on the decontamination of radioactive surface contaminated metals.