During a loss of vacuum accident (LOVA), dust particles that will be present in the future tokamak ITER are likely to be resuspended, inducing a risk for explosion and airborne contamination. Evaluating the particle resuspension/deposition and resulting airborne concentration in case of a LOVA is therefore a major issue and it can be investigated by using a CFD code. To this end, this article presents the implementation of a resuspension model in a CFD code (ANSYS CFX) and its application to an air ingress in a vacuum toroidal vessel with a volume comparable to ITER one.
In the first part of the article, the Rock’n Roll model and its operational version with the Biasi’s correlation is presented.
The second part of the article will be devoted to the implementation of the Rock’n’Roll model in ANSYS CFX for constant friction velocities and its adaptation to non-constant friction velocities.
Finally, the paper presents the simulations obtained on the particle resuspension for an air ingress scenario in a large vacuum vessel. This case is particularly interesting and non-intuitive because as the initial pressure is reduced, the particle behavior is different from that at atmospheric pressure. Further, a competition between airflow forces and gravitational force occurs, due to the low pressure environment, potentially restricting the resuspension, and the pressure influence also has to be taken into account in the particle transport and deposition (Nerisson, 2011).
Three particle diameters were studied allowing to show the evolution of the resuspension with this parameter and to calculate dust resuspension rates and airborne fractions during the air ingress.