CANDU PHWR spent fuel pools (SFPs), smaller than a tennis court, contain up to 38,000 or more (49,000 in Wolsong)fuel bundles in geometries not replicated in any other power reactor. Therefore, the phenomenological issues, accident progression pathways and effectiveness of mitigative actions are somewhat different. This requires a dedicated approach in progression and consequence assessments of potential accidents and development of mitigation measures. The SFPs house densely packed fuel bundles stacked in about a hundred vertical stainless steel tray towers, each containing 24 spent fuel bundles in each of the 16 or more (19 in Wolsong) horizontal fish basket style steel trays. Some of theupto 10 year worth of the on-line refuelled bundles in the SFP are at relatively high decay powers as fuel trays are prepped for the towers in near daily basis. In addition, there is a provision (see Figure 1) that a full core of bundles 20 days after being at full power can be transferred to the spent fuel bay at any time. About 4.5m of additional water layer on top of the tray towers provide radiation protection and a healthy margin to small rate of fluid loss.

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