Code validation on qualified experimental data is a fundamental issue in the design and safety analyses of nuclear power plants.
The SPES3 facility is being built at the SIET laboratories for an integral type SMR simulation, in the frame of an R&D program on nuclear fission, funded by the Italian Ministry of Economic Development and led by ENEA.
The facility, based on the IRIS reactor design, reproduces the primary, secondary and containment systems with 1:100 volume scale, full elevation and prototypical fluid and thermal-hydraulic conditions. It is suitable to test the plant response to design and beyond design accidents in order to verify the effectiveness of the primary and containment system dynamic coupling to cope with loss of coolant accidents.
Full and complete nodalizations of SPES3 were developed for TRACE and RELAP5 codes in order to investigate the code response to the simulation of the same accidental transient. The DVI line DEG break was simulated in beyond design conditions, assuming the failure of all emergency heat removal systems and relying on PCC intervention for containment depressurization and decay heat removal.
The comparison of the code simulation results, other than providing information on the system behavior, allowed to investigate specific phenomena evidenced by the codes, according to the related modeling approach of components with one and three-dimensional volumes.
The TRACE and RELAP5 codes will be applied for further transient analyses and will be validated on SPES3 experimental data, once the facility will be available.