In this study, around 10 000 experimental two-phase (2ϕ) flow pressure drop (ΔP) data for steam-water in uniformly heated and adiabatic vertical tubes have been compiled from the literature.
The compiled data have been used to assess the prediction accuracy of two-phase friction multiplier () correlations selected from the literature and the homogeneous-flow model for steam-water flow in vertical tubes. The predictions of the correlations have also been compared to the predictions of the homogeneous-flow model. The assessments are based on comparisons of the average and the RMS errors.
Additionally, ΔP components (due to gravitation, acceleration and friction) have been examined for a variety of flow conditions in vertical heated and unheated tubes.
The results of the assessments show that the predictions of Muller-Steinhagen and Heck (1986) correlation yield the minimum RMS error for flow in heated tubes and the predictions of the Chisholm (1973) correlation yield the minimum RMS error for flow in adiabatic tubes when these predictions are compared with both the data base and the predictions of the homogeneous-flow model.
It is concluded from the research and a review of the literature that the current state of the art is such that none of the investigated prediction methods is very good because of their large RMS errors. More work is needed to expand the ΔP data base especially for adiabatic two-phase flow. Also, a systematic experimental study should be performed on the effect of heating on the 2ϕ-flow ΔP.