Reactor internals important to nuclear power plant safety shall be designed to accommodate steady-state and transient vibratory loads throughout the service life of the reactor. Operating experience has revealed failures of reactor internals in both pressurized water reactors (PWRs) and boiling water reactors (BWRs) due to flow-induced vibrations (FIVs). U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Regulatory Guide 1.20 presents a Comprehensive Vibration Assessment Program (CVAP) that the NRC staff considers acceptable for use in verifying the structural integrity of reactor internals for FIV prior to commercial operation. A CVAP supports the NRC reviews of applications for new nuclear reactor construction permits or operating licenses under 10 CFR Part 50, as well as design certifications and combined licenses that do not reference a standard design under 10 CFR Part 52. The overall CVAP should be implemented in conjunction with preoperational and initial startup testing. For prototype reactor internals, the comprehensive program should consist of a vibration and fatigue analysis, a vibration measurement program, an inspection program, and a correlation of their results. Validation and benchmarking processes should be integrated into the CVAP throughout each individual program. Based on the authors’ experiences in Advanced Boiling Water Reactor and AP1000® CVAPs and based on detailed reviews of the U.S. Evolutionary Power Reactor and the U.S. Advanced Pressurized Water Reactor CVAPs, this article summarizes the essential CVAP validation and benchmarking processes with proper consideration of bias errors and random uncertainties. This article provides guidance to a successful CVAP that satisfies the NRC requirements and ensures the reliability of the evaluation of potential adverse flow effects on nuclear power plant components.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.