Research and education are fundamental in the successful development and implementation of contemporary complex technologies, including peaceful utilization of nuclear energy. The national responsibility to organize and sustain appropriate research and education is clearly set forward in the IAEA Nuclear safety convention and in the EURATOM treaty. Recent regionalization and globalization of power markets provided new opportunities and challenges, which might be more pronounced in countries with rather limited resources.
The research and education activities in nuclear engineering and safety pursued at the Jožef Stefan Institute and the University of Ljubljana are reviewed. Examples of integration within the European Union and OECD also include access to large experimental programs and exchange of students and teachers within the ENEN Association (European Nuclear Education Network).