During operation, the BWR-3 steam dryer in the Quad Cities Unit 2 Nuclear Power Plant was damaged by high cycle fatigue. The dryer failure was attributed to flow-induced acoustic resonance at the stub pipes of safety relief valves (SRVs) in the main steam lines (MSLs). The acoustic resonance was considered to be generated by interaction between the sound field and an unstable shear layer across the closed side branches with SRV stub pipes. We HITACHI and CRIEPI have started a research program on BWR dryers to develop their loading evaluation methods. Moreover, it has become necessary to evaluate the dryer integrity of BWR-5 plants in particular which are the main type of BWR in Japan. In the present study, we used 1/10-scale BWR tests and analyses to investigate the flow-induced acoustic resonance and characteristics of fluctuating pressure in MSLs. The test apparatus consisted of a steam dryer, a steam dome and 4 MSLs with 20 SRV stub pipes. A finite element method (FEM) was applied for the calculation of three-dimensional wave equations in acoustic analysis. We demonstrated that remarkable fluctuating pressures occurred in high and low frequency regions. Intensity of three peaks observed in the spectrum of fluctuating pressure in MSLs was increased with St. High frequency fluctuating pressures were generated by the flow-induced acoustic resonance in the SRV stub pipes. Low frequency fluctuating pressures were excited by the acoustic resonance in the dead leg. Frequency of fluctuating pressure generating in the SRV stub pipe was changed with St. On the other hand, frequency of fluctuating pressure excited by dead leg was almost constant. Fluctuating pressure in low frequency range increased gradually with flow velocity and its intensity was roughly proportional to the square of flow velocity. The flow-induced acoustic resonance did not occur for St larger than 0.6 in the BWR MSLs for both low and high frequency ranges. Operating conditions of the BWR-5 from 100 to 115% were in the range of St larger than 0.6, so intense acoustic resonance would not occur in the BWR MSLs.

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