In order to examine the application of Mo-Fe-Ti alloy for overpak, the corrosion resistance of heat-treated its alloys was investigated by Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX). Considering the welding, the sample subjected to solution heat treatment (ST) had a single β phase and samples subjected to aging heat treatment at 600–700°C had a-phase precipitation in b-phase. EIS results showed that the corrosion resistance of the aging heat-treated samples was lower than that of the ST sample, but much higher than that of pure Ti in long term immersion test in 10% NaCl solution of pH 0.5 at 97°C which simulating the crevice solution. Laser micrographs of the aging heat-treated samples indicated that a-phase at the grain boundary and in the grain was selectively corroded and caused selective dissolution in NaCl solution. The results of TEM combined with EDAX analyses showed that there were b-phase matrix composed of 2.7 wt% of Mo and 4.8wt% of Fe, and a-phase composed of 0.7 wt% of Mo and 0.1 wt% of Fe in sample aged at 600°C. Thus, Mo-poor a-phase was selectively dissolved in in 10% NaCl solution of pH 0.5 at 97°C. In a result, the ST sample of only b-phase showed the highest resistance, and aging heat-treated samples containing a-phase (0.7 wt% of Mo) showed higher values than pure Ti in the corrosion test. Addition of Fe did not decrease the resistance of alloy in the case of ST condition. Moreover, as Fe was involved in b-phase with Mo which increased remarkably the corrosion resistance, the addition of Fe did not decrease the corrosion resistance of aging heat-treated Mo-Fe-Ti alloy. Finally, it was concluded that Mo-Fe-Ti alloy had excellent resistance for overpack in simulating underground environment.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Corrosion Resistance of Mo-Fe-Ti Alloy for Overpack in Simulating Underground Environment
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Nishimura, T. "Corrosion Resistance of Mo-Fe-Ti Alloy for Overpack in Simulating Underground Environment." Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. 18th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering: Volume 5. Xi’an, China. May 17–21, 2010. pp. 27-32. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE18-29107
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