The Compact Pulsed Hadron Source (CPHS) of Tsinghua University will produce neutrons by the Be(n,p) reaction through bombarding a proton beam with 13MeV/50Hz/1.25mA from a LINAC system on a beryllium target. One of the purposes of this neutron source facility is to provide the neutron scattering capability for characterization of materials, especially soft matters and biological systems. Cold neutrons (wavelength > 4 Å) are essential to characterize the structure of these materials over the length scale of ∼100 nm with good resolution. We discuss the design and optimization of a cold neutron source (CNS) which employs a solid methane moderator for cold neutron generation. The moderator configuration, the associated cryogenic system, and operation conditions will be discussed.

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