At present, there are a number of Generation-IV nuclear reactor concepts under development worldwide, and the SuperCritical Water-cooled nuclear Reactor (SCWR) type is one of them. The main objective of developing SCWRs is to: 1) Increase the thermal efficiency of current Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) from 30–35% to approximately 45–50%, and 2) Decrease capital and operational costs. SCW NPPs will have much higher operating parameters compared to current NPPs (i.e., pressures of about 25 MPa and outlet temperatures up to 625°C). This paper presents a SCWR single-reheat indirect cycle concept with intermediate heat exchangers. Similar to the current CANDU and Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) NPPs, heat exchangers separate the primary loop from the secondary loop. In this way, the primary loop can be completely enclosed in the reactor building. The nuclear activities stay within the reactor building, and there is a reduced possibility for radioactive contamination of equipment in the turbine building. As SCW NPPs will have much higher operating thermal hydraulic parameters this paper analyzes the technical challenges and higher costs typically associated with heat exchangers. The double-pipe heat exchanger is analyzed in depth to determine the heat-transfer surface area, number of units and physical dimensions of the heat exchanger. This study will help to determine whether the advantages of the indirect cycle justify implementation of heat exchangers at a SCW NPP.

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