For the safety design of the Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR), the Post Accident Heat Removal (PAHR) is required when a hypothetical Core Disruptive Accident (CDA) occurs. In the PAHR, it is strongly required that the molten core material can be cooled down and solidified by the sodium coolant in the reactor vessel. There is high possibility for molten material to be ejected as a liquid jet into sodium coolant in the reactor vessel. In order to estimate whether the molten material jet is completely solidified by sodium coolant or not, it is necessary to understand the interaction between molten core material and coolant such as jet breakup and fragmentation behavior in coolant. The jet breakup behavior is the phenomenon that the front of molten material breaks up in coolant. To clarify the mechanism of jet breakup and fragmentation during the CDA for the FBR, it is necessary to understand the correlation between jet breakup lengths and size distribution of fragments when molten material jet interacting with coolant. The objective of the present study is to clarify the dominant factor of the jet breakup length and the size distribution of fragments experimentally. Molten jet of U-alloy 138 is injected into water as simulated core material and coolant by free-fall. The density ratio of core material and coolant is almost same as that of the real FBR system. The jet breakup behavior as interaction of molten material with coolant is observed with high speed video camera. Front velocity of the molten material jet is estimated by using the image processing technique. It suddenly decreases when the jet fall into the coolant. The jet breakup length estimated from observed images is compared with the breakup theories to understand the effect of experimental parameters for the jet breakup length. The solidified fragments are gathered and classified in size, and the mass in each size is measured. Median diameter is obtained from the mass distribution of the fragments. In comparison with interfacial instabilities, the median diameter of fragments shows the independent of relative velocity. The jet breakup lengths and median diameters compared with existing theories is discussed.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Experimental Study on Jet Breakup Behavior With Surface Solidification
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Wada, T, Abe, Y, Kaneko, A, Uchiyama, Y, Nariai, H, Yamagishi, M, Koyama, K, & Itoh, K. "Experimental Study on Jet Breakup Behavior With Surface Solidification." Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. 18th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering: Volume 2. Xi’an, China. May 17–21, 2010. pp. 635-644. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE18-29618
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