Core Damage Frequency (CDF) and Large Release Frequency (LRF) can be greatly affected by the application of Instrumentation and Control (I&C) within the control and safety systems utilized in the operations of a nuclear power plant. It is important that the modeling of these systems be an accurate representation of the I&C design to capture the effects of the I&C on the operations of the nuclear power plant as far as control and safety that are needed for the effective and safe operation of power generation. Various sensitivities can be performed on I&C modeling in the AP1000 Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) to determine the impact on CDF. These sensitivities can be in the areas of base reliability values (probabilities), common cause failures (CCF) of software as well as common cause (CC) factors of computer modules. Insights can be found as to the effects of these CCFs by varying the modeled probabilities in the most conservative direction to determine how the model will respond. The model response, i.e., CDF and cutset importance orders will provide insights as to how sensitive I&C modeling is to CCF and how sensitive the rest of the PRA model is to I&C. Increasing failure probability of the Protection and Safety Monitoring System (PMS) and Plant Control System (PLS), and Diverse Actuation System (DAS) to explore the minimum reliability that would support favorable CDF and LRF values, as well as, the effect of total failure of the PMS (no credit taken for PMS in core damage sequences) and PLS (no credit taken for PLS in core damage sequences) on CDF values are explored. Sensitivity analyses show that the CDF increases if no credit is taken for operator actions. For AP1000, this sensitivity study indicated a decrease in dependence on operator actions over conventional nuclear plants. This conclusion is likely a result of the increased reliability of the PMS to automatically actuate the given systems and components. For this reason, the most important system is PMS, in the case where no credit is taken for PMS in core damage sequences.

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