In this work it is applied the wavelet transform method [2] in order to reduce diverse type of noises of experimental measurement plots in transport theory. First, suppose that a problem is governed by the transport equation for neutral particles, and an unknown perturbation occurs. In this case, the perturbation can be associated to the source, or even to the flux inside the domain X. How is the behavior of the perturbed flux in relation to the flux without the perturbation? For that, we employ the wavelet transform method in order to compress the angular flux considered as a 1D, or n-th dimensional signal ψ. The compression of this signal can be performed up to some a convenient order (that depends of the length of the signal). Now, the transport signal is decomposed as [9, 11]:
where ak represents the sub signal of k-th level generated by the low-pass filter associated to the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) chosen, and dk the sub signal of k-th level generated by the high-pass filter associated to the same DWT. It is applied basically the Haar, Daub4 and Coiflet wavelets transforms. Indeed, the sub signal am cumulates the energy, for this work of order 96% of the original signal ψ. A thresholding algorithm provides treatment for the noise, with significant reduction in the compressed signal. Then, it is established a comparison with a base of data in order to identify the perturbed signal. After the identification, it is recomposed the signal applying the inverse DWT. Many assumptions can be established: the rate signal-to-noise is properly high, the base of data must contain so many perturbed signals all with the same level of compression. The problem considered is for perturbations in the signal. For measurements the problem is similar, but in this case the unknown perturbations are generated by the apparatus of measurements, problems in experimental techniques, or simply by random noises. With the same above assumptions, the DWT is applied. For the identification, it is used a method evolving statistical and metric techniques. It is given some results obtained with an algebraic computer system.
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