As it is envisioned today, the first segment of the UREX+ process uses low nitric acid concentrations for U(VI) extraction where pertechnetate anion, , can be co-extracted with the uranyl and nitrate into TBP-hydrocarbon solutions. A reductant complexant, acetohydroxamic acid (AHA) is added to the process through the scrub to limit the extractability of plutonium and neptunium. Recent work performed in our laboratory (Ref. 1) demonstrated that undergoes reductive nitrosylation by AHA under a variety of conditions. The resulting divalent technetium is complexed by AHA to form the pseudo-octahedral trans-aquonitrosyl-(diacetohydroxamic)-technetium(II) complex ([Tc(II)(NO)(AHA)2H2O]+). In this paper, we are reporting the extraction of [Tc(II)(NO)(AHA)2H2O]+ complex by new designed macrocompounds as well as commercially available crown ethers from 18-crown-6 to 24-crown-8 in ring size and of varying derivatization. Several organic diluents with different dielectric constants are used to enhance the distribution coefficient of technetium (II). The experimental efforts are focused on determining the best extraction conditions by varying the macrocomponds nature and concentration, and the organic phase composition.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Extraction of Technetium as [Tc(II)(NO)(AHA)2H2O]+ Species in the UREX Process
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Paviet-Hartmann, P, Nunez Gomez-Aleixandre, A, Pak, J, Glez Espartero, A, Poineau, F, Wright, A, Mausolf, E, & Czerwinski, KR. "Extraction of Technetium as [Tc(II)(NO)(AHA)2H2O]+ Species in the UREX Process." Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 5: Fuel Cycle and High and Low Level Waste Management and Decommissioning; Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Neutronics Methods and Coupled Codes; Instrumentation and Control. Brussels, Belgium. July 12–16, 2009. pp. 107-113. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE17-75509
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