A supercritical CO2 gas turbine of 20MPa is suitable to couple with the Na-cooled fast reactor since Na - CO2 reaction is mild at the outlet temperature of 800K, the cycle thermal efficiency is relatively high and the size of CO2 gas turbine is very compact. In this gas turbine cycle, a compressor operates near the critical point. The property of CO2 and then the behavior of compressible flow near the critical point changes very sharply. So far, such a behavior is not examined sufficiently. Then, it is important to clarify compressible flow near the critical point. In this paper, an aerodynamic design of the axial supercritical CO2 compressor for this system has been carried out based on the aerodynamic design method of Cohen. The compressor design point was selected to achieve the maximum cycle thermal efficiency of 43.8%. For this point, the compressor design conditions were determined. They are a mass flow rate of 2030kg/s, an inlet temperature of 308K, an inlet static pressure of 8.26MPa, an outlet static pressure of 20.6MPa and a rotational speed of 3600rpm. The mean radius was constant through axial direction. The design point was determined so as to keep the diffusion factor and blade stress within the allowable limits. Number of stages and an expected adiabatic efficiency was 10 and 87%, respectively. CFD analyses by FLUENT have been done for this compressor blade. The blade model consists of one set of a guide vane, a rotor blade and a stator blade. First, analysis was conducted for the blade, whose condition is remote from the critical point and the possibility of divergence is very small. Secondly, the analyses were conducted for the conditions nearer to the critical point. Gradually, divergence of calculation was encountered. The analyses were conducted under the assumption both of the real gas properties and also of the ideal gas properties. Convergence was relatively easy for the latter. Main output of calculation is a value of the mass flow rate, which agreed very well with those of the aerodynamic design. Absolute velocity distributions, relative velocity distributions and static pressure distributions surrounding rotor blade and stator blade were obtained. The characteristics of these distributions were consistent with those of the fundamental theory and these analyses were justified.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Research on Flow Characteristics of Supercritical CO2 Axial Compressor Blades by CFD Analysis
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Takagi, K, Muto, Y, Ishizuka, T, Aritomi, M, & Kikura, H. "Research on Flow Characteristics of Supercritical CO2 Axial Compressor Blades by CFD Analysis." Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 4: Codes, Standards, Licensing and Regulatory Issues; Student Paper Competition. Brussels, Belgium. July 12–16, 2009. pp. 565-572. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE17-75626
Download citation file: