For the safety design of the Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR), it is strongly required that the Post Accident Heat Removal (PAHR) is achieved after a hypothetical Core Disruptive Accident (CDA). In the PAHR, it is important that the molten material is fragmented to be solidified by the sodium coolant with high boiling point and thermal conductivity. Furthermore, in order to estimate whether the molten material jet is completely solidified in sodium coolant or not, it is necessary to evaluate the jet breakup length. Although there are many previous studies on the jet breakup length, the tendency of jet breakup length is different for the previous studies. To estimate jet breakup length, it is necessary to understand the interaction between molten core material and coolant. The objective of the present study is to clarify the influence of the interfacial behavior of the jet on the fragmentation behavior on the jet surface. The experiments are conducted to obtain the interfacial behavior and the fragmentation behavior on the jet surface by injecting transparent Fluorinert™ (FC-3283) into water. The jet breakup behavior of the Fluorinert and the fragmentation behavior on the jet surface in pool are observed by using high speed video camera. To clarify the influence of interfacial behavior on jet surface fragmentation, it is necessary to clarify the effect of the internal flow of the jet and the surrounding flow structure on the interfacial behavior. The internal and the external velocity distribution of the jet are obtained by Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique from the visual data. Shear stress is evaluated from the velocity data obtained by PIV technique. Reynolds stress and turbulent energy are also evaluated from the velocity data. As the results, shear stress becomes large along the interfacial wave. The maximum value of shear stress is decreased toward downstream. Reynolds stress becomes large at the jet surface. The vortex around the interfacial wave is observed by PIV measurement. The local shear stress acts on the interfacial wave. It is suggested that the local shear stress on the jet surface causes the fragmentation. From the experimental results, the interaction between the interfacial behavior of the jet and flow structure of the jet and surrounding fluid are discussed. The dominant mechanism of the fragmentation behavior and the influence of local shear stress at the interface on the fragementation are also discussed.

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