The AP1000 is a pressurized water reactor with passive safety features and extensive plant simplifications that provides significant and measurable improvements in safety, construction, reliability, operation, maintenance and costs. The design of the AP1000 incorporates a standard approach, which results in a plant design that can be constructed in multiple geographical regions with varying regulatory standards and expectations. The AP1000 uses proven technology, which builds on more than 2,500 reactor years of highly successful Westinghouse PWR operation. The AP1000 received Final Design Approval by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in September 2004. The AP1000 Nuclear Power Plant uses natural recirculation of coolant to cool the core following a postulated Loss Of Coolant Accident (LOCA). Recirculation screens are provided in strategic areas of the plant to remove debris that might migrate with the water in containment and adversely affect core cooling. The approach used to avoid the potential for debris to plug the AP1000 recirculation screens is consistent with the guidance identified in Regulatory Guide 1.82 Revision 3, the Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) Industry Guidance of NEI 04–07, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s Safety Evaluation on NEI 04–07. Various contributors to screen plugging were considered, including debris that could be produced by a LOCA, resident containment debris and post accident chemical products that might be generated in the coolant pool that forms on the containment floor post-accident. The solution developed for AP1000 includes three major aspects, including the elimination of debris sources by design, features that prevent transportation of debris to the screens and the use of large advanced screen designs. Measures were taken to design out debris sources including fibers, particles and chemicals. Available industry data from walkdowns in existing plants is used to determine the characteristics and amounts of the fibrous and particulate debris that could exist in containment prior to the LOCA. Materials used in the AP1000 containment are selected to eliminate post accident chemical debris generation. Large, advanced screen designs that can tolerate significant quantities of debris have been incorporated. Testing has been performed which demonstrates that the AP1000 screens will have essentially no head loss considering the debris that could be transported to them. Testing has also been performed on an AP1000 fuel assembly that demonstrates that it will also have essentially no head loss considering the debris that could be transported to it.

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